Kathleen J. Sikkema, Ph.D., conducts community based intervention research focused on HIV prevention and mental health treatment in the U.S. and in low and middle income countries. She is a clinical psychologist who specializes in health and community psychology. Dr. Sikkema has led pioneering scholarship in global mental health, specifically related to traumatic stress, coping and gender violence. Funded by NIH for nearly thirty years, her research program has focused on community-level HIV prevention trials, mental health interventions to improve HIV care engagement, and university-community research collaboration. U.S.-based HIV prevention interventions and mental health interventions developed by Dr. Sikkema and her teams have been identified by CDC and SAMHSA as best evidence interventions. Her research on HIV and mental health has had wide-ranging impact, including the development of prevention programs to improve health behaviors and access to treatment in low resource populations in this country and abroad. In South Africa, where Dr. Sikkema has worked for nearly twenty years, her current research focuses on integrating mental health treatment into HIV primary care for women who have experienced sexual trauma. This research addresses the syndemic nature of HIV and mental disorders, whereby social and economic contextual factors create and exacerbate the risk of disease progression.
PhD, 1991, Virginia Tech
MS, 1988, Virgina Tech
MS, 1987, Illinois State University
BA, 1984, Central College
Research Professor, Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Duke University
Honorary Professor, Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health, University of Cape Town
Areas of Expertise
Intervention Studies, Disparities / Inequalities in Health, Women's Health, Global Health, HIV/AIDS, Maternal Health, Mental Health
Select Global Activities
A Randomized Trial of ImpACT+, a Coping Intervention to Improve Clinical and Mental Health Outcomes among HIV-infected Women with Sexual Trauma in South Africa (NIMH), South Africa
Improving the Health of South African Women with Traumatic Stress in HIV Care (NIMH), South Africa
Alcohol-Related HIV Risks among South African Women (NIAAA), South Africa
Sikkema, K.J. & Coleman, J.N. Psychotherapy for PTSD and Stress Disorders. In: Stein D., Hofmann, S., Bass, J. (Eds.) Global Mental Health and Psychotherapy. Amsterdam: Elsevier; 2019. Pp. 193-222.
Choi, K. W., Houts, R., Arseneault, L., Pariante, C., Sikkema, K. J., & Moffitt, T. E. Maternal depression in the intergenerational transmission of childhood maltreatment and its sequelae: Testing postpartum effects in a longitudinal birth cohort.. Development and Psychopathology. 2019; 31(1), 143-156. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0954579418000032
Sikkema, K. J., Mulawa, M. I., Robertson, C., Watt, M. H., Ciya, N., Stein, D. J., ... Joska, J. A. Improving AIDS Care After Trauma (ImpACT): Pilot Outcomes of a Coping intervention Among HIV-Infected Women with Sexual Trauma in South Africa. AIDS and Behavior. 2018; 22(3), 1039-1052. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10461-017-2013-1
Sikkema, K. J., Choi, K. W., Robertson, C., Knettel, B. A., Ciya, N., Knippler, E. T., ... Joska, J. A. Development of a coping intervention to improve traumatic stress and HIV care engagement among South African women with sexual trauma histories. Evaluation and Program Planning. 2018; 68, 148-156. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.evalprogplan.2018.02.007
Weisburd, D., Cave, B., Nelson, M., White, C., Haviland, A., Ready, J., ... Sikkema, K. Mean Streets and Mental Health: Depression and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder at Crime Hot Spots.. American Journal of Community Psychology. 2018; 61(3-4), 285-295. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajcp.12232
Puffer, E.S., Green, E.P., Sikkema, K.J., Broverman, S.A., Ogwang-Odhiambo, R.A., & Pian, J. A church-based intervention for families to promote mental health and prevent HIV among adolescents in rural Kenya: Results of a randomized trial. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. 2016; 84(6):511-25. doi: 10.1037/ccp0000076
Sikkema, K.J., Dennis, A.C., Watt, M.H., Choi, K.W., Yemeke, T., & Joska, J.A. Improving mental health among people living with HIV: A review of intervention trials in low- and middle-income countries. Global Mental Health. 2015. 2, e19-42. doi: 10.1017/gmh.2015.17
Abler, L., Sikkema, K.J., Watt, M.H., Pitpitan, E.V., Kalichman, S.C., Skinner, D., & Pieterse, D. Longitudinal cohort study of depression, post-traumatic stress and alcohol use in South African women who attend alcohol-serving venues. BMC Psychiatry. 2014; 14:224. doi:10.1186/s12888-014-0224-9
Watt, M.H., Eaton, L.A., Choi, K.W., Velloza, J., Kalichman, S.C., Skinner, D., & Sikkema, K.J. "It's better for me to drink, at least the stress is going away" : Perspectives on alcohol use during pregnancy among South African women attending drinking establishments. Social Science & Medicine. 2014; 116:119-125. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2014.06.048
Sikkema, K.J., Ranby, K.W., Meade, C.S., Hansen, N.B., Wilson, P.A., & Kochman, A. Reductions in traumatic stress following a coping intervention were mediated by decreases in avoidant coping for people living with HIV/AIDS and childhood sexual abuse. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. 2013; 81:274-283. doi: 10.1037/a0030144.