There are about 200 countries on the planet, only 40 of which adopt a formal system. Below is a list of the four different types of health care models.1
- Named after William Beveridge, the U.K. social reformer who helped create the National Health System2
- Health care both paid for and provided by the government
- Free at point of service
- Financed through taxation – sometimes dedicated taxation, sometimes general tax revenues, and sometimes both
- Examples: United Kingdom, New Zealand, Spain, U.S. Veterans Health Administration
- Named after Prussian Chancellor Bismarck
- Health care paid for by non-profit insurance firms and provided by public and private actors
- Financed by employees and employers, generally through payroll deductions; often complemented by general tax revenues
- Examples: Germany, France, Netherlands, Japan, Switzerland
NATIONAL HEALTH INSURANCE OR SINGLE-PAYER MODEL
1. Physicians for a National Health Program. Health Care Systems - Four Basic Models. Health Care Systems - Four Basic Models | Physicians for a National Health Program. https://www.pnhp.org/single_payer_resources/health_care_systems_four_basic_models.php.
2. Encyclopedia Britannica, inc. (2013, October 8). National Health Service. https://www.britannica.com/topic/National-Health-Service.