A decline in total fertility rate has been observed in the last few decades in nearly all locations around the world, with the exception of sub-Saharan Africa. Poland has experienced a particularly rapid decline in fertility since 1989 following the collapse of the state socialist government. The phenomenon of declining fertility would be hardly expected in Poland, given the severe restrictions on family planning options, especially abortion, that were implemented by the Catholic administration since 1989. This presentation will examine the ways in which women control their fertility based on a mixed-methods research study carried out in 2007 in the urban area of Gda?sk. In particular, this research focuses on contraceptive use and knowledge, and on the decision-making process underlying reproductive practices. It also investigates the effects of neoliberal structural transformations on fertility decisions in Poland.
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