Dr. John Allegrante is an applied behavioral scientist whose research focuses on health behavior, behavioral self-management, and health outcomes in chronic disease. He has conducted programs of NIH-funded research to investigate new approaches to understanding, predicting, and intervening on the barriers and facilitators of behavioral self-management of chronic disease. His scholarship has produced a transdisciplinary understanding of adherence as well as enhanced behavioral intervention approaches that have informed evidence-based clinical practice and resulted in improved behavioral self-management and health outcomes for patients in the context of patient-centered managed care. Dr. Allegrante has also been in the vanguard of professional preparation and workforce development and has written extensively about epistemological, theoretical, and methodological issues in the science of health promotion research, as well as research-to-practice translation in health promotion. He played a pivotal role in leading efforts to establish a unified system of accreditation for professional preparation programs in the United States and to develop consensus on domains of core competencies, standards, and quality assurance in global health promotion that are now being implemented across the United States, Europe, and elsewhere. He is currently the senior co-investigator on a European Research Council grant that supports a five-year longitudinal life-course study whose aim is to improve our understanding of the influence of stress and the meaning of early inflammatory biomarkers on a range of behavioral outcomes among adolescents.
PhD, 1979, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
MS, 1976, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
BS, 1974, State University of New York at Cortland
Honors & Awards
CDC Foundation Elizabeth Fries Health Education Prize Award, 2017
Distinguished Visiting Scholar, Christian-Albrechts-University of Kiel, Germany, 2016, 2019
Honorary Doctor of Humane Letters, State University of New York, 2015
APHA Mayhew Derryberry Award, Public Health Education and Health Promotion Section, 2015
APHA Distinguished Career Award, Public Health Education and Health Promotion Section, 2003
Select Urban Health Activities
Tailored Sleep Health Education: A Community-Engaged Approach (Giradin Jean-Louis, PhD, John P. Allegrante, PhD, Gbenga Ogedegbe, MD, PIs): Community-based studies suggest that most blacks are unaware of symptoms of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) or related cardiovascular morbidity. The goal of this NIH/NHLBI-funded project is to develop a tailored sleep health education (TASHE) program using a multi-level, community-engaged approach to promote transfer of sleep health information to blacks to foster uptake of healthful sleep practices. This is a collaborative research project that seeks to develop a community-based infrastructure to support implementation of translational and dissemination research in sleep health. If effective, the project will provide empirical support for wide-scale use of TASHE as a multi-level, community-engaged approach to enhance OSA health literacy among blacks. The project is anchored by an equitable partnership between health scientists from New York University and Columbia University and community stakeholders to ensure adoption and dissemination of tailored sleep health messages. Generating culturally and linguistically sleep health messages among blacks has high public health relevance.
Program to Increase Diversity Among Individuals Engaged in Research (PRIDE) (Giradin Jean-Louis, PhD, Gbenga Ogedegbe, MD, PIs): The NIH-funded postdoctoral PRIDE Summer Institute at New York University School of Medicine provides intensive didactic and mentored research training to underrepresented minority and those with disability engaged either in behavioral medicine or sleep disorders research. The goal of this multidisciplinary training and mentoring program is to inspire junior investigators to conduct research by employing techniques at the forefront of their fields. Achieving the goal of decreasing health disparities in the field of behavioral medicine and sleep disorders research, the program includes: providing fundamental training by interdisciplinary faculty in the area of health disparities, among others; establishing partnerships between mentors and proteges based on their mutual research interests in the area of cardiovascular health research or behavioral medicine and sleep disorders research; helping proteges develop skills needed in order to develop independent research interests and apply for independent research grants; and providing grants workshop conducted by NIH/NHLBI staff to promote a sustainable independent research career.
Select Global Activities
Multilevel Analysis on the Effects of Stress on Biology, Emotions and Behaviour throughout Childhood (Inga Dora Sigfusdottir, PhD, PI): This activity extends an ongoing program of observational and intervention research with Icelandic behavioral and social scientists, the overall goal of which has been to investigate risk and protective factors in childhood and adolescent health. In a series of studies that have been conducted with support from the U.S. Fulbright Program and the Icelandic Research Fund, we have analyzed population-based data from the Youth in Iceland surveys to investigate various health behaviors and their relationship to health status and health outcomes. The work has informed population-wide policy, translation, and scaling of community-based approaches to improving child and adolescent health in Iceland, Nordic Europe and other countries, as well as new methodological innovations. A European Research Council grant currently supports a five-year longitudinal life-course study whose aim is to to improve our understanding of the interplay between biological, environmental, and social factors that influence the development of harmful behaviors in adolescents.
Anxiety Culture (John P. Allegrante, PhD, and Ulrich Hoinkes, PhD, PIs): This interdisciplinary activity brings together a broad range of global scholars in the humanities, sciences, and behavioral and social sciences to understand how cultural anxiety can be better understood in the context of the pressing planetary challenges of climate change, population health, migration, and technological change. The NIMH estimates that 31 percent of adults will experience an anxiety disorder in their lifetime. We know a lot about the term "anxiety" as a medical idiom at the individual, clinical level. What we do not know much about is what anxiety looks like and what its effects are at cultural and social levels. Thus, the challenge is to recognize the contours of this kind of anxiety as heuristic and the extent to which it is a mixture of both public discourse and social action. The project seeks to develop the conceptual language and middle-range theoretical framework with which to understand anxiety culture.
Green, L.W., & Allegrante, J.P. Practice-based evidence and the need for more diverse methods and sources in epidemiology, public health and health promotion. American Journal of Health Promotion, 34, 946-948, 2020.
Allegrante, J.P., Auld, M.E., & Natarajan, S. Preventing COVID-19 and its sequela: "There is no magic bullet . . . It's just behaviors." American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 59, 288-292, 2020.
Abroms, L.C, Allegrante, J.P., Auld M.E., Gold, R.S., Riley, W.T., & Smyser, J. Toward a common agenda for the public and private sectors to advance digital health communication. American Journal of Public Health, 109, 221-223, 2019.
Allegrante, J.P., Wells, M.T., & Peterson, J.C. Interventions to support behavioral self-management of chronc diseases. Annual Review of Public Health, 40, 127-146, 2019.
Allegrante, J.P. Advancing the science of behavioral self-management of chronic disease. The arc of a research trajectory. Health Education & Behavior, 45, 6-13, 2018.
Rajan, S., Branas, C.C., Hargarten, S., & Allegrante, J.P. Funding for gun violence research is key to the health and safety of the nation. American Journal of Public Health, 108, 194-195, 2018.
Di Ruggiero, E., Potvin, L., Allegrante, J.P, Dawson, A., De Leeuw, E., Dunn, J.R., Franco, E., Frohlich, K.L., Geneau, R., Jackson, S., Kaufman, J.S., McLeroy, K.R., Morabia, A., Ridde, V., & Verweij, M. Ottawa Statement from the Sparking Solutions Summit on Population Health Intervention Research. Canadian Journal of Public Health, 107, e492-e496, 2017.
Ragnarsdottir, L.D., Kristjansson, A.L., Thorisdottir, I.E., Allegrante, J.P., Valdimarsdottir, H., Gestsdottir, S., & Sigfusdottir, I.D. Cumulative risk over the early life course and its relations to academic achievement outcomes in childhood and early adolescence. Preventive Medicine, 96, 36-41, 2017.
Livingood, W.C., Allegrante, J.P., & Green, L.W. Culture change from tobacco accommodation to intolerance: Time to connect the dots. Health Education & Behavior, 43, 133-138, 2016.
Williams, N.J., Robbins, R., Rapoport, D., Allegrante, J.P., Cohall, A., Ogedgebe, G., & Jean-Louis, G. Tailored approach to sleep health education (TASHE): Study protocol for a web-based randomized controlled trial. Trials, 17, 585, 2016.